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Court of jurisdiction is Zürich.</p> contact@ejhc.org (EJHC Editorial Team) oai@hbz.uzh.ch (Margit Dellatorre) Wed, 28 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 3.2.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Onset of Habituation Effects https://ejhc.org/article/view/2584 <p>While extraordinary events like pandemics may prompt an increase in information-seeking behaviour, such trends are unlikely to be sustainable. Over time, issue fatigue/overdose is expected to set in. This study employed generalised additive mixed models (GAMMs) to determine whether attention to TV news corresponded with real-world developments. We sought to predict news use in Germany during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic based on disease occurrence next to two well-established predictors of news use (total TV use and day of the week). The association of key events with news use was also assessed. Initially, news use increased with disease occurrence. However, as the pandemic progressed, the linkage between the two variables weakened considerably, suggesting the onset of a habituation effect. Some support emerged for the idea that key events increased news use. Overall, our results are more in line with the explanation provided by agenda-setting theory and various information-seeking models than with the notion of coping through information avoidance. Thus, how the pandemic progresses appears to be a good predictor of news use at the aggregate level, although its predictive power decreases over time.</p> Viorela Dan, Hans-Bernd Brosius Copyright (c) 2021 Viorela Dan, Hans-Bernd Brosius https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ejhc.org/article/view/2584 Mon, 11 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Sick for Information? https://ejhc.org/article/view/2514 <p>During a pandemic outbreak, timely and accurate information that matches the information needs of the public is vital to inform the public. In April 2020, 977 individuals completed a questionnaire that measured the Dutch public’s health information needs and media consumption during the early stages of the coronavirus outbreak. Results show that respondents sought information about prevention of contamination, (the severity of) symptoms, treatment, and vaccination. News outlets, both online and offline, were the most preferred sources for information. Older people were more likely to search for information in traditional media, such as on TV, in newspapers, and on the radio. Younger people more often used news websites to find information. Respondents with lower levels of education obtained information via TV more frequently than respondents with higher levels of education, who in turn used newspapers more frequently. This study, guided by the Risk Information Seeking and Processing (RISP) model, was conducted during the early stages of the pandemic in the Netherlands to provide information that public health officials and governments can use to optimise information provision during pandemics. Presently, news media have the highest degree of coverage and impact and should thus be used first to convey reliable information.</p> Fam te Poel, Annemiek J. Linn, Susanne E. Baumgartner, Liset van Dijk, Eline S. Smit Copyright (c) 2021 Fam te Poel, Annemiek J. Linn, Susanne E. Baumgartner, Liset van Dijk, Eline S. Smit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ejhc.org/article/view/2514 Thu, 09 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Influence of Animation- Versus Text-Based Delivery of a Web-Based Computer-Tailored Smoking Cessation Intervention on User Perceptions https://ejhc.org/article/view/2492 <p>Computer-tailored (CT) digital health interventions have shown to be effective in obtaining behaviour change. Yet, user perceptions of these interventions are often unsatisfactory. Traditional CT interventions rely mostly on text-based feedback messages. A way of presenting feedback messages in a more engaging manner may be the use of narrated animations instead of text. The goal of this study was to assess the effect of manipulating the mode of delivery (animation vs. text) in a smoking cessation intervention on user perceptions among smokers and non-smokers. Smokers and non-smokers (<em>N = </em>181) were randomized into either the animation or text condition. Participants in the animation condition assessed the intervention as more effective (η<sub>p</sub><sup>2</sup> = .035), more trustworthy (η<sub>p</sub><sup>2</sup> = .048), more enjoyable (η<sub>p</sub><sup>2</sup> = .022), more aesthetic (η<sub>p</sub><sup>2</sup> = .233), and more engaging (η<sub>p</sub><sup>2</sup> = .043) compared to participants in the text condition. Participants that received animations compared to text messages also reported to actively trust the intervention more (η<sub>p</sub><sup>2</sup> = .039) and graded the intervention better (η<sub>p</sub><sup>2</sup> = .056). These findings suggest that animation-based interventions are superior to text-based interventions with respect to user perceptions.</p> Jan Mathis Elling, Hein de Vries Copyright (c) 2021 Jan Mathis Elling, Hein de Vries https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ejhc.org/article/view/2492 Wed, 28 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0200